Code P0135 - Heated Oxygen Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank1 Sensor1)
The air/fuel ratio (A/F) sensor also known as a front oxygen sensor (Bank 1 Sensor1) is installed in the exhaust before the catalytic converter. The sensor is heated by an electric heating element built inside the sensor. This is needed to quickly warm up the sensor to normal operating temperature when the car is started. The code P0135 means there is a malfunction in the A/F sensor heater circuit. Read more about the A/F sensor.
• Common problems causing the code P0135
• Sample step-by-step code P0135 diagnostics
In most cases, there is no symptoms other than the Check Engine Light. Often the Check engine light may come on after the vehicle has been started cold.
Common causes include:
- Faulty air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor also known as front oxygen sensor or Bank 1 Sensor 1
- Corrosion or damaged terminal at the A/F sensor connector
- Damaged or shorted wiring between the sensor and the PCM or between the sensor and the fuse box.
- Blown or missing fuse for the sensor heater circuit. See: How to check a fuse.
- Aftermarket or incorrect air fuel ratio sensor is installed
- Low battery charge.
How the code P0135 is diagnosed:
The code P0135 is a pure electric code and is easy to diagnose using a multimeter. In many cars, the battery voltage is supplied through a fuse and relay to the sensor heating element. The ground for the heating element comes from the PCM. A typical diagnostic procedure involves checking the sensor heater fuse, then the relay, then the resistance of the A/F sensor heating element. See the example of step-by-step diagnostic with photos for the code P0135 below. Correct diagnostic procedure can be found in the service manual for your vehicle. We posted several websites that provide access to a service manual for a subscription fee at the bottom of this page.
Here are a few common problems known to cause the code P0135 in different cars:
In some Acura, Honda, Lexus and Toyota vehicles, the failed sensor heating element is known to cause this code. A failed A/F sensor (Bank 1 Sensor 1) can be confirmed by measuring the resistance of the heating element of the sensor.
The resistance should be low, typically between 0.9 and 10 ohms, depending on the vehicle. Specifications for different cars can be found in the service manual. Replacing the sensor often solves the problem.
In some Chrysler vehicles, the code P0135 can be caused by incorrect replacement sensor. Different types of sensor can be used on the same car, depending on the date the car was produced. It's important to verify the correct part number of the sensor by the vehicle VIN number.
Corrosion at the oxygen sensor connector is known to cause this code in many cars. The sensor connector must be inspected for corrosion. If the corrosion is present, the terminals must be cleaned, or the connector must be replaced. For example, the Chrysler TSB for the 2010-2012 Dodge Ram, recommends repairing the sensor wiring harness with a special repair kit. In some older Mazda cars, the corroded wiring inside the fuse box can cause the code P0135. This can be confirmed by checking the 12V power and ground at the sensor.
Example: Diagnosing the code P0135 step by step
The Check engine light came on in this Honda. The code is P0135.
According to the service manual for this car, the first step is to clear the code and see if it comes back. This is needed to see if the code is intermittent or always present.
We erased the code and started the car. The Check Engine comes back on immediately with the same code.
The next step according to the manual for this Honda, is to turn the ignition switch to LOCK position and check the No. 14 FI SUB (15 A) fuse. The location of the fuse is noted on the back of the fuse box cover.
We checked the FI SUB fuse, it's OK. See more: How to check a fuse. The next step according to the manual is to check the PGM FI subrelay. We tested the relay, it was working too.
The next step in the diagnostic process is to disconnect the A/F sensor connector and measure the resistance of the sensor heater element. The multimeter shows 235 KΩ (Kilo Ohms). According to the service manual, the resistance should be between 2.5 and 4 Ω (Ohm). This means that the A/F sensor heating element has failed, the sensor must be replaced.
We purchased the new A/F sensor and checked the heating element resistance to compare. As you can see, it measures at 2.6 Ω (Ohms). We installed the new sensor and cleared the code. The Check Engine light did not come back, this car is fixed.
What color are the A/F sensor heating element wires? There is no standard color marking. In this Honda the heating element were black, but in some other cars they could be gray, white or another color. It's best to consult the service manual for your car. We posted links to several sites where you can access a service manual for a subscription fee in this page.
How easy is it to replace an A/F sensor? It's not very difficult, but it requires a special oxygen sensor socket. Read more about A/F sensor.
Vacuum leaks: problems, symptoms, repairs
Mass Air Flow Sensor (MAF): how it works, symptoms, problems, testing
Air Fuel Ratio (A/F) Sensor: how it works, problems, testing
Check Engine light: what to check, common problems, repair options
Learn your car: how different car parts and sensors work
How to check fuses in a car
OBD-II Freeze Frame: how to access it, examples how it can be used
How to maintain your engine
You might also be interested: