P0102 Mass or Volume Air Flow Circuit low Input

The mass air flow or MAF sensor measures the amount of air entering the engine. The engine computer (PCM) uses the mass air flow signal to calculate the amount of fuel to be injected. The code P0102 is set when the signal from the mass air flow sensor is lower than expected. Read more about mass air flow sensor »

• Symptoms
• Causes
• Common problems causing the code P0102
• Diagnostic

Symptoms

Symptoms related to the code P0102 include no-start, stalling, lack of power, hesitation, rough idle.

Causes

- faulty or contaminated mass airflow sensor
- debris blocking the air flow sensor element
- vacuum leaks
- Air filter box left open
- Wrong air filter installed
- PCV system vacuum leaks
- restricted or collapsed intake air snorkel
- dirty or restricted air filter
- restricted air screen before the air filter
- aftermarket components installed (e.g. cold intake, modified air filter)
- wrong air flow sensor installed
- electrical problem with the MAF sensor wiring or connector.
- faulty PCM
- clogged catalytic converter or a faulty manifold absolute pressure sensor (MAP).

Common problems

In many GM vehicles the code P0102 is caused by a faulty mass air flow sensor. The repair involves clearing the code and replacing the MAF sensor if no other problems found.
The code P0102 is often caused by a failed mass air flow sensor in some Mazda vehicles with Skyactiv engine. Replacing the mass air flow sensor often resolves the issue.
A Nissan technical service bulletin (TSB) for the trouble code P0102 in 2002 Nissan Maxima recommends removing debris from inside the air filter housing, replacing the airflow meter assembly and reprogramming the ECM. A Toyota TSB describes a problem with 2006 Toyota Tacoma, where loose terminals in the MAF sensor connector could cause the code P0102; the connector must be checked and repaired if needed.
In many European cars, including Volkswagen, Audi, Volvo, BMW and Mercedes-Benz the code P0102 is often caused by a faulty mass airflow sensor.
We have seen many cases where this code was caused by aftermarket air filter or cold intake installed. The first step to diagnose this code with an aftermarket intake components is to install back the OEM components, clear the code and see if it comes back with OEM components.

What needs to be checked:

The air duct between the mass air flow sensor and the engine intake needs to be checked for cracks, tears, loose clamps or improper connection. The connector and the wiring at the mass air flow needs to be checked for loose terminals, corrosion or damage. The air filter element needs to be inspected and replaced if dirty. Some cars (e.g. Volkswagen, Audi) have a screen inside the air duct before the air filter that might be called Snow Screen. This screen needs to be checked for blockage, as often leaves and other debris block the air flow. The mass air flow sensor needs to be checked for contamination or dirt blocking the sensor element. If the mass air flow sensor element is dirty, cleaning it may help temporarily; however, the element is very delicate and should be cleaned very carefully to avoid damage. The mass air flow reference voltage and ground must be checked at the sensor connector. The signal voltage or frequency needs to be checked at different engine RPMs and compared to the reference chart. The easiest way to check the mass air flow sensor is with a scan tool, reading the measured air flow at different RPMs. The long and short fuel trim readings are also need to be checked with a scan tool. Most of the time the solution for the code P0102 involves replacing the mass air flow sensor if no other problems found. An improper or poor quality part also can cause the code P0102, so it's better to use an OEM mass air flow sensor. Typically a new mass airflow sensor is priced from $70 to $350. Replacing the MAF sensor is easy and won't cost a lot at the repair shop. If the problem is fixed, the code P0102 will clear itself after driving.
Read more about mass air flow sensor »

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